๐Ÿšจืžื›ื” ืงืฉื” ื‘ื›ื ืฃ | ืขืœ ื”ืคืฆื™ืขื” ืฉืœ ืžื ื•ืจ ืกื•ืœื•ืžื•ืŸ

ืœืื•ืจ ื”ืขื•ื‘ื“ื” ืฉื”ืจื‘ื” ืื ืฉื™ื ื‘ืืจืฅ ื›ื›ืœ ื”ื ืจืื” ืžื•ื“ืื’ื™ื ืžื”ืžืฆื‘ ืฉืœ ืžื ื•ืจ ืืฉืชื“ืœ ืœื ืœื”ืชื—ื›ื ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžื™ื“ื™ ืœื’ื‘ื™ ืžืฆื‘ื• ืฉืœ ืฉืœ ืฉื—ืงืŸ ื”ื›ื ืฃ ื”ื™ืฉืจืืœื™, ืฉืžืžืฉื™ืš ืืช ืจืฆืฃ ื”ืคืฆื™ืขื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ื•ื•ื™ื ื’ืจื™ื ืืฆืœ ื˜ื•ื˜ื ื”ืื ื”ื‘ืจื™ื˜ื™ืช. ื‘ื›ื ื•ืช, ืื™ืŸ ื”ืจื‘ื” ื“ื™ื•ื•ื—ื™ื ืžืขืžื™ืงื™ื ืขืœ ืžืฆื‘ื• ืฉืœ ืžื ื•ืจ, ืื‘ืœ ื ืขืฉื” ืืช ื”ืžืงืกื™ืžื•ื ืœื”ืกื‘ื™ืจ ืงืฆืช ืขืœ ืžืฆื‘ื• ื‘ื”ืชืื ืœืžื” ืฉืื ื—ื ื• ื™ื•ื“ืขื™ื: ื”ืฉื—ืงืŸ ื”ื™ืฉืจืืœื™ ืงืจืข ืืช ื”ืžื ื™ืกืงื•ืก ื‘ื‘ืจืš ื™ืžื™ืŸ ื•ืขื‘ืจ ื ื™ืชื•ื— ืฉืœ ืชืคื™ืจืช ืžื ื™ืกืงื•ืก.

“ืงืจืข ื‘ืžื™ื ื™ืกืงื•ืก?”

ื”ืžื™ื ื™ืกืงื•ืกื™ื ื ืžืฆืื™ื ื‘ืžืคืจืง ื”ื‘ืจืš ื‘ื™ืŸ ืขืฆื ื”ื™ืจืš (Femur ) ืœืฉื•ืง (Tibia), ื•ื”ื ืขืฉื•ื™ื™ื ืžืจืงืžื” ืกื—ื•ืกื™ืช. ื”ืชืคืงื™ื“ ืฉืœ ื”ืžื™ื ืกืงื•ืกื™ื ื–ื” ืœื™ื™ืฆืจ ื”ืชืืžื” ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืžืฉื˜ื—ื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ื™ืจืš ื•ื”ืฉื•ืง, ืœืกืคื•ื’ ื–ืขื–ื•ืขื™ื, ืœืืคืฉืจ ืืช ื”ืชื ื•ืขืชื™ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ื™ืจืš ื•ื”ืฉื•ืง ื‘ื–ืžืŸ ื›ื™ืคื•ืฃ ื•ื™ื™ืฉื•ืจ ื”ื‘ืจืš ื•ื’ื ืœืฉืžื•ืจ ืขืœ ื™ืฆื™ื‘ื•ืช ื”ื‘ืจืš. ื‘ื‘ืจืš ื™ืฉ ืžื™ื ื™ืกืงื•ืก ืคื ื™ืžื™ (ืžื“ื™ืืœื™) ื•ื—ื™ืฆื•ื ื™ (ืœืื˜ืจืœื™). ื”ืžื™ื ื™ืกืงื•ืก ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื™ืงืจืข ืžืคืขื•ืœื•ืช ื›ืžื• ืœื—ืฅ ื’ื‘ื•ื”, ืกื™ื‘ื•ื‘, ืžืขื‘ืจ ืžื”ื™ืจ ืžื™ื™ืฉื•ืจ ืœื›ื™ืคื•ืฃ ืื• ืœื”ื™ืคืš, ื•ื‘ืขื™ืงืจ ืžื”ืฉื™ืœื•ื‘ ืฉืœ ื›ืžื” ืžื”ืคืขื•ืœื•ืช ื”ื ”ืœ ื™ื—ื“.

“ื–ื” ืžืฉื ื” ื‘ืื™ื–ื” ืžื”ืžื™ื ืกืงื•ืกื™ื ื”ื•ื ื ืคืฆืข?”

ื‘ืงืฆืจื”, ื›ืŸ. ื‘ืขื•ื“ ื”ืกื‘ื™ืจื•ืช ืœืงืจืข ื‘ืžื™ื ื™ืกืงื•ืก ื”ืžื“ื™ืืœื™ ื”ื™ื ื’ื‘ื•ื”ื” ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ื’ืœืœ ื”ืฉื˜ื— ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœ ืื•ืชื• ื”ื•ื ืžื›ืกื” ื‘ืžืคืจืง ื”ื‘ืจืš. ืžื ื’ื“, ืงืจืข ื‘ืžื™ื ื™ืกืงื•ืก ื”ืœืื˜ืจืœื™ (ืœืคื™ ื—ืœืง ืžื”ืžื—ืงืจื™ื) ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืขื™ื™ืชื™ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื”ืžื˜ื•ืคืœ ื‘ื’ืœืœ ื”ืชืคืงื™ื“ ืฉืœื• ื‘ื™ืฆื™ื‘ื•ืช ื”ื‘ืจืš. ื ืฆื™ื™ืŸ ืฉืฉื•ื ืžืงื•ืจ ื‘ืชืงืฉื•ืจืช ืœื ื“ื™ื•ื•ื— ืขืœ ืื™ื–ื” ืžื”ืžื ื™ืกืงื•ืกื™ื ื•ื‘ืื™ื–ื” ื—ืœืง ืฉืœ ื”ืžื ื™ืกืงื•ืก ืžื“ื•ื‘ืจ. ื‘ื›ืœ ื—ืœืง ื‘ืžื ื™ืกืงื•ืก ื™ืฉ ืจืžื” ืžืกื•ื™ื™ืžืช ืฉืœ ืืกืคืงืช ื“ื ืฉืžื”ื•ื•ื” ืฉื™ืงื•ืœ ืœืื™ืš ื ืชืžื•ื“ื“ ืขื ื”ืงืจืข, ื•ื‘ืื™ื–ื• ื’ื™ืฉื” ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœื™ืช ื ื‘ื—ืจ.

“ืžื” ืขื•ืฉื™ื ื‘ืžืฆื‘ ื›ื–ื”?”

ื™ืฉื ืŸ ืฉืœื•ืฉ ืื•ืคืฆื™ื•ืช: ื”ืกืจืช ื—ืœืง ืžื”ืžื™ื ืกืงื•ืก, ืชื™ืงื•ืŸ ื”ืžื™ื ืกืงื•ืก ืื• ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœ ืฉืžืจื ื™. ืžื” ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื“ืขืช ืขืœ ื›ืœ ืื•ืคืฆื™ื”?

1. ื”ืกืจื” ื—ืœืงื™ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืžื™ื ืกืงื•ืก (Meniscectomy): ื”ืžื ืชื— ืžืกื™ืจ ืืช ื”ืื™ื–ื•ืจ ื”ืกืคืฆื™ืคื™ ืขื ื”ืงืจืข.

ื”ื™ืชืจื•ืŸ: ื–ืžืŸ ื”ื—ืœืžื” ื•ืฉื™ืงื•ื ืงืฆืจื™ื ืœืจื•ื‘ (ื ืฉื™ืืช ืžืฉืงืœ ื™ืฉืจ ืœืื—ืจ ื”ื ื™ืชื•ื— ื•ื—ื–ืจื” ื”ื“ืจื’ืชื™ืช ืœืื—ืจ ืžืกืคืจ ืฉื‘ื•ืขื•ืช).
ื”ื—ื™ืกืจื•ืŸ: ืขื ื”ืฉื ื™ื ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื•ื‘ื™ืœ ืœืฉื—ื™ืงืช ืกื—ื•ืกื™ื ื‘ื’ืœืœ ื”ื”ืกืจื” ืฉืœ ืจืงืžื” ืฉื”ื™ื ื” ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ืช ืœืกืคื™ื’ืช ื–ืขื–ื•ืขื™ื. ืคื™ืชืจื•ืŸ ืฉืžื•ืžืœืฅ ืœืจื•ื‘ ืœืื ืฉื™ื ืžื‘ื•ื’ืจื™ื ืื• ืœื ืคืขื™ืœื™ื.

2. ืชื™ืงื•ืŸ ืžื™ื ื™ืกืงื•ืก (Repair)- ืชืคื™ืจื” ืฉืœ ื”ืžื™ื ื™ืกืงื•ืก.

ื ื™ืชื•ื— ื–ื” ืืคืฉืจื™ ืจืง ื‘ืžืงื•ืžื•ืช ืขื ืืกืคืงืช ื“ื ื˜ื•ื‘ื”.
ื”ื™ืชืจื•ืŸ: ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืžื–ืขืจ ื ื–ืงื™ื ืฉืœ ืฉื—ื™ืงื” ืžืงื•ืžื™ืช ื‘ืขืชื™ื“.
ื”ื—ื™ืกืจื•ืŸ: ื–ืžืŸ ื”ื—ืœืžื” ืืจื•ืš.
6-8 ืฉื‘ื•ืขื•ืช ืœืœื ื ืฉื™ืืช ืžืฉืงืœ ืขืœ ื”ืจื’ืœ, ื•ื—ื–ืจื” ืœืื™ืžื•ื ื™ื ื”ื™ื ื” ืœืจื•ื‘ ืœืื—ืจ 3 ื—ื•ื“ืฉื™ื ื•ืœื›ื•ืฉืจ ืžืฉื—ืง ืืคื™ืœื• ืขื“ ื—ืฆื™ ืฉื ื” ืื—ืจื™.
ื ื•ื˜ื™ื ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžืื•ื“ ื–ื”ื™ืจื™ื ื‘ืฉืœื‘ื™ ื”ืฉื™ืงื•ื ืฉืœ ืชืคื™ืจืช ื”ืžื™ื ื™ืกืงื•ืก ื‘ื’ืœืœ ื”ื—ืฉืฉ ืžื–ื™ื”ื•ืžื™ื ืื• ืงืจืขื™ื ื—ื•ื–ืจื™ื.

3. ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœ ืฉืžืจื ื™- ืœื ืœื”ื™ื›ื ืก ืœื ื™ืชื•ื—, ื•ืœื ืกื•ืช ืœื”ืชื’ื‘ืจ ืขืœ ื”ืกื™ืžืคื˜ื•ืžื™ื ื•ื—ื•ืกืจ ื”ื™ืฆื™ื‘ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ื‘ืจืš ืข”ื™ ืคื™ื–ื™ื•ืชืจืคื™ื” ื•ืื™ืžื•ื ื™ื ืกืคืฆื™ืคื™ื™ื.

ื”ื™ืชืจื•ืŸ: ืœื ืžื›ื ื™ืก ืืช ื”ืžื˜ื•ืคืœ ืœืคืจื•ืฆื“ื•ืจื” ื ื™ืชื•ื—ื™ืช, ื•ืœืคื™ ื—ืœืง ืžื”ืžื—ืงืจื™ื ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ืฉื™ื’ ืชื•ืฆืื•ืช ื™ืคื•ืช ืฉืฉื•ื•ืช ืขืจืš ืœื”ืกืจืช ื”ืžื™ื ืกืงื•ืก. ื–ืžืŸ ื”ื”ื—ืœืžื” ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ื–ื” ื”ื•ื ื“ื™ื ืืžื™ ื•ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืงื—ืช ื‘ื™ืŸ 8 ืฉื‘ื•ืขื•ืช ืขื“ 3 ื—ื•ื“ืฉื™ื, ืชืœื•ื™ ื‘ืกื™ืžืคื˜ื•ืžื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืžื˜ื•ืคืœ ืœืื•ืจืš ื”ืฉื™ืงื•ื ื•ื”ื—ืฉื™ืคื” ืœืขื•ืžืกื™ื.
ื”ื—ื™ืกืจื•ืŸ: ืชืžื™ื“ ื™ืฉื ื• ื—ืฉืฉ ื•ืฆื•ืจืš ื‘ืžืขืงื‘, ื‘ืขื™ืงืจ ืืฆืœ ืกืคื•ืจื˜ืื™ื ืžืงืฆื•ืขื ื™ื, ืฉื›ืŸ ื”ืงืจืข ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื™ืฉื ื•, ื•ืœื ืชืžื™ื“ ื‘ืขืœ ืคื•ื˜ื ืฆื™ืืœ ืœื”ื—ืœืžื” ืžืœืื”. ื’ื™ืฉื” ื–ืืช ื’ื ืœื ืชืžื™ื“ ืžืชืื™ืžื” ืœื›ืœ ืกื•ื’ื™ ื”ืงืจืขื™ื.

ืžื ื•ืจ ื›ืืžื•ืจ ื™ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืชืคื™ืจืช ืžื ื™ืกืงื•ืก, ื•ื›ืจื’ืข ื”ื“ื™ื•ื•ื—ื™ื ืœื—ื–ืจื” ืœืžื’ืจืฉ ืขื•ืžื“ื™ื ืขืœ 4 ื—ื•ื“ืฉื™ื, ืฉื–ื” ื‘ื›ื ื•ืช ืชืกืจื™ื˜ ืื•ืคื˜ื™ืžื™, ื•ืœื ืžื™ืŸ ื”ื ืžื ืข ืฉื”ื—ื–ืจื” ืฉืœื• ืœืžื’ืจืฉ ืชื”ื™ื” ืืจื•ื›ื” ื™ื•ืชืจ. ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืœืฆื™ื™ืŸ ืฉืžื ื•ืจ ืขื‘ืจ ืชืคื™ืจืช ืžื ื™ืกืงื•ืก ื‘ื‘ืจืš ืฉืžืืœ ื›ืฉืฉื™ื—ืง ืืฆืœ ืคื•ืœื”ืื, ืื– ืœืงื— ืœื• 147 ื™ื•ื ืœื—ื–ื•ืจ (ื›ืžืขื˜ ื—ืžื™ืฉื” ื—ื•ื“ืฉื™ื).

ื ืื—ืœ ืœืžื ื•ืจ ืจืคื•ืื” ืฉืœืžื” ื•ืฉื™ืงื— ืืช ื”ื–ืžืŸ ืขื“ ืฉื™ื—ื–ื•ืจ ืœืื™ืชื ื•, ื›ื™ ืœืคื—ื•ืช ืžื‘ื—ื™ื ืช ื”ื ื‘ื—ืจืช, ื”ื•ื ื‘ื•ื•ื“ืื•ืช ืœื ื™ื”ื™ื” ื–ืžื™ืŸ ืœืžื—ื–ื•ืจื™ื ื”ืื—ืจื•ื ื™ื ื‘ืžื•ืงื“ืžื•ืช ื”ื™ื•ืจื•.

 

ื”ืฉืื™ืจื• ืชื’ื•ื‘ื”

ื›ืชื•ื‘ืช ื”ืื™ืžื™ื™ืœ ืœื ืชืคื•ืจืกื, ื”ื™ื ื—ืกื•ื™ื”.

ื“ื™ืœื•ื’ ืœืชื•ื›ืŸ