๐Ÿšจืชื™ืง ื ื’ืจื™ื™ืจื” ื”ื•ืคืš ืœืชื™ืง ืฉื•ื—ื“ | ื‘ืจืฆืœื•ื ื” ืžืกืชื‘ื›ืช

ื‘ืจืฆืœื•ื ื” ืขื•ืžื“ืช ื‘ืคื ื™ ืืฉืžืช ืฉื•ื—ื“ ื‘ื‘ืชื™ ื”ืžืฉืคื˜ ื”ืกืคืจื“ื™ื™ื ืขืœ ืจืงืข ืฉืขืจื•ืจื™ื™ืช ืฉื™ืคื•ื˜ ืฉืขืœื•ืœื” ืœื”ื•ื‘ื™ืœ ืœื”ืจื—ืงื” ืฉืœ ื”ืžื•ืขื“ื•ืŸ ืžื›ื“ื•ืจื’ืœ, ื‘ืชืงื•ืคื” ืฉื‘ื” ื”ื›ืกืคื™ื ืฉืœื” ื‘ืžืฆื‘ ืžืขื•ืจืขืจ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื•ื”ื ื•ืื• ืงืืžืค ืขื•ื‘ืจ ืชื”ืœื™ืš ืฉื™ืคื•ืฅ ืžืกื™ื‘ื™.

ื”ืžื›ืฉื•ืœ ื”ืื—ืจื•ืŸ ืœืงืจืืช ืžืฉืคื˜ ื‘ืคื ื™ ื—ื‘ืจ ืžื•ืฉื‘ืขื™ื ื‘ื’ื™ืŸ ืชืฉืœื•ืžื™ื ื‘ืœืชื™ ื—ื•ืงื™ื™ื ืœื›ืื•ืจื” ืฉืœ ื‘ืจืฆืœื•ื ื” ืœื—ื•ืกื” ืžืจื™ื” ืื ืจื™ืงื– ื ื’ืจื™ื™ืจื”, ืกื’ืŸ ื”ื ืฉื™ื ืœืฉืขื‘ืจ ืฉืœ ื•ืขื“ืช ื”ืฉื™ืคื•ื˜ ื”ืกืคืจื“ื™ืช, ื”ื•ืกืจ ื‘ื™ื•ื ื—ืžื™ืฉื™ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืฉื•ืคื˜ ืฉื‘ื—ืŸ ืืช ืชื™ืง ื”ืชื•ื‘ืข ื”ืฆื™ื‘ื•ืจื™ ื ื’ื“ ื”ืžื•ืขื“ื•ืŸ ื•ืื ืฉื™ ื”ืžืคืชื— ื‘ื•.

ื”ืฉื•ืคื˜ ื—ื•ืืงื™ืŸ ืื’ื™ื™ืจ ืœื•ืคื– ืงื‘ืข ื›ื™ ื”ืžืฉืคื˜ ื™ืžืฉื™ืš ื‘ื ื•ื’ืข ืœืชืฉืœื•ืžื™ื ืฉืœ 7.7 ืžื™ืœื™ื•ืŸ ื™ื•ืจื• ืœื ื’ืจื™ื™ืจื” ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืฉื ื™ื 2001 ืœ-2018, ืขืœ ืžื” ืฉืœื˜ืขื ืช ื”ืžื•ืขื“ื•ืŸ ื”ื™ื• “ื“ื•ื—ื•ืช ืกืงืื•ื˜ื™ื ื’” ืขืœ ืฉื•ืคื˜ื™ื.
ื”ืžื•ืขื“ื•ืŸ ืขืฆืžื• ื ืžืฆื ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ื ืืฉืžื™ื, ื›ืžื• ื’ื ื”ื ืฉื™ืื™ื ืœืฉืขื‘ืจ ื’’ื•ื–ืค ืžืจื™ื” ื‘ืจืชื•ืžืื•, ืกื ื“ืจื• ืจื•ืกืœ ื•ื‘ื ื ืฉืœ ื ื’ืจื™ื™ืจื” ื—ืื‘ื™ื™ืจ ืื ืจื™ืงื–.

ืื ื™ื™ืžืฆืื• ืืฉืžื™ื, ื”ืขื•ื ืฉื™ื ืขืœ ื”ืืฉืžื™ื ืขืฉื•ื™ื™ื ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื‘ื™ืŸ ืฉืœื•ืฉ ืœืฉืฉ ืฉื ื•ืช ืžืืกืจ.
ื‘ืจืฆืœื•ื ื” ืขืฆืžื” ืขืœื•ืœื” ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžื•ืฉืขื” ืžืžืกื—ืจ ื›ืžื•ืขื“ื•ืŸ ื›ื“ื•ืจื’ืœ ืžืงืฆื•ืขื ื™, ืžื” ืฉื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื•ื‘ื™ืœ ืืช ื”ืžื•ืขื“ื•ืŸ ืœืคืฉื™ื˜ืช ืจื’ืœ.

ื‘ื“ื‘ืจื™ื• ืฉืœ ื”ืฉื•ืคื˜ ืื’ื™ื™ืจ ืœื•ืคื– ืขืœ ื”ืžืงืจื” ื”ื•ื ืืžืจ ื›ื™ ื”ื•ื ืจื•ืื” ืืช ื—ื•ืกื” ืžืจื™ื” ืื ืจื™ืงื– ื ื’ืจื™ื™ืจื” ื›ืขื•ื‘ื“ ืฆื™ื‘ื•ืจ ื‘ื–ืžืŸ ื”ืขื‘ื™ืจื•ืช ืœื›ืื•ืจื”, ืžื” ืฉื”ื•ืคืš ืืช ื”ืื™ืฉื•ื ื‘ืฉื•ื—ื“ ืœื—ืžื•ืจ ื™ื•ืชืจ. ื”ืฉื•ืคื˜ ืืžืจ ื’ื ืฉื”ื•ื ืžืืžื™ืŸ ืฉื”ืžืงืจื” ื”ื•ื›ื™ื— ืฉื”ืžื•ืขื“ื•ืŸ ื”ืฉื™ื’ ื™ืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ืœื ืกืคื•ืจื˜ื™ื‘ื™ื™ื ืžืฉื•ืคื˜ื™ื.
ื—ื‘ืจ ืžื•ืฉื‘ืขื™ื, ืชืฉืขื” ืื ืฉื™ื ืœืคื™ ื”ื—ื•ืง ื”ืกืคืจื“ื™, ื”ื•ื ื–ื” ืฉื™ื—ืœื™ื˜ ื‘ืกื•ืคื• ืฉืœ ื”ืžืฉืคื˜.

ื‘ืจืฆืœื•ื ื” ื‘ื•ื ื” ืžื—ื“ืฉ ืืช ื ื•ืื• ืงืืžืค, ืฉืคืขื™ืœื•ืชื• ื”ื•ืคืกืงื” ื‘ืžื”ืœืš ื”ืงื™ืฅ ื›ื“ื™ ืœืคื ื•ืช ืžืงื•ื ืœืžืชื—ื ืืกืคืื™ ื‘ืืจืกื”, ืœืžืจื•ืช ืฉื”ื™ื• ื“ื™ื•ื•ื—ื™ื ื‘ืชืงืฉื•ืจืช ื”ืกืคืจื“ื™ืช ืขืœ ืขืฆื‘ื ื•ืช ื•ื—ืฉืฉ ื‘ืงืจื‘ 20 ื”ืžืฉืงื™ืขื™ื ื‘ืขืจืš ื‘-1.5 ืžื™ืœื™ืืจื“ ื™ื•ืจื• (1.3 ืžื™ืœื™ืืจื“ ืœื™ืฉ”ื˜) ื‘ืคึผืจื•ึนื™ึถืงื˜. ืืฃ ืขืœ ืคื™ ืฉืืฃ ืื—ื“ ืœื ื“ื™ื‘ืจ ื‘ืคื•ืžื‘ื™ ืขืœ ื”ื—ืฉืฉื•ืช ืฉืœื• ืžื”ืกื™ื›ื•ื™ื™ื ืฉื”ืžื•ืขื“ื•ืŸ ื™ื™ืžืฆื ืืฉื ื‘ืžืฉืคื˜ ื ื’ืจื™ื™ืจื”, ืื ื™ื•ืคืกืง ื”ืžื™ืžื•ืŸ ืœืืฆื˜ื“ื™ื•ืŸ, ื‘ืจืฆืœื•ื ื” ื™ื›ื•ืœื” ืœืžืฆื•ื ืืช ืขืฆืžื” ืœืœื ื‘ื™ืช ืžืฉืœื”.

ืขื“ ื›ื”, ื”ืžืฉื˜ืจื” ื”ืกืคืจื“ื™ืช ืœื ื”ืฆืœื™ื—ื” ืœืžืฆื•ื ืจืื™ื•ืช ืฉืงื•ืฉืจื•ืช ื”ืขื‘ืจืช ื›ืกืฃ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืณืฉื•ื—ื“ืณ.
ืœื˜ืขื ืช ื”ืฉื•ืคื˜ ื”ื—ื“ืฉ ื—ื•ืืงื™ืŸ ืื’ื™ืจื”, ืœื ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื”ืฆื™ื’ ืจืื™ื•ืช ืฉื›ืกืฃ ื”ื•ืขื‘ืจ ืœืฉื•ืคื˜ื™ื (ื›ื™ ืื™ืŸ ืจืื™ื•ืช ื›ืืœื”), ืืœื ื“ื™ ื‘ืจืื™ื™ื” ืฉืœ 7.5 ืžื™ืœื™ื•ืŸ ื™ื•ืจื• ืฉื”ื•ืขื‘ืจื• ืœื—ื‘ืจื” ืฉืœ ื”ื‘ืŸ ืฉืœ ื ื’ืจื™ืจื” ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืกืงืื•ื˜ื™ื ื’ ื‘ืขื•ื“ ืฉื”ืื‘ื ืฉื™ืžืฉ ื‘ืชืคืงื™ื“ ืฆื™ื‘ื•ืจื™, ื•ืื™ืŸ ืฆื•ืจืš ืœื”ื•ื›ื™ื— ืฉื™ื˜ืชื™ื•ืช (ืฆื™ื˜ื•ื˜ ืžื“ืฃ ื”ื˜ืœื’ืจื ืฉืœ ื‘ืืจืกื” ืžืื ื™ื”).

ื‘ื ื•ืกืฃ ืœื—ื•ื‘ ืฉื ื˜ืœ ืขืœ ืขืฆืžื• ืœื‘ื ื™ื™ืช ื”ืืฆื˜ื“ื™ื•ืŸ, ื™ืฉ ืขื•ื“ ื›-1.5 ืžื™ืœื™ืืจื“ ืื™ืจื• ื—ื•ื‘ื•ืช ืœื ื•ืฉื™ื ืฉื•ื ื™ื ืฉื ืฆื‘ืจื• ื‘ืžื”ืœืš ืชืงื•ืคื•ืช ื”ื ืฉื™ืื•ืช ื”ืื—ืจื•ื ื•ืช.
ื–ื” ื›ื•ืœืœ ืžื›ื™ืจื” ืฉืœ ืžืงื•ืจื•ืช ื”ื›ื ืกื” ืขืชื™ื“ื™ื™ื ื‘ืฉื•ื•ื™ ืฉืœ ื›-700 ืžื™ืœื™ื•ืŸ ืื™ืจื• ื‘ืงื™ืฅ ืฉืขื‘ืจ ืฉืžื™ืžื ื• ืืช ื‘ื ื™ื™ืช ื”ืงื‘ื•ืฆื” ืฉื–ื›ืชื” ื‘ืืœื™ืคื•ืช ื”ืœื™ื’ื” ืชื—ืช ืฆ’ืื‘ื™ ื‘ืขื•ื ื” ืฉืขื‘ืจื”.

ืœืžืจื•ืช ืฉื”ื”ืชื—ื™ื™ื‘ื•ื™ื•ืช ื”ืžื“ื•ื™ืงื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืžื•ืขื“ื•ืŸ ืื™ื ืŸ ื™ื“ื•ืขื•ืช ืœื—ืœื•ื˜ื™ืŸ, ืžื•ื‘ืŸ ื›ื™ ื‘ื ืง ื”ื”ืฉืงืขื•ืช ื”ืืžืจื™ืงื ื™ ื’ื•ืœื“ืžืŸ ื–ืืงืก ื”ื•ื ื”ื ื•ืฉื” ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ื‘ืจืฆืœื•ื ื”. ื‘ืขื•ื“ ืฉื”ื ืฉื™ื ื’’ื•ืืŸ ืœืืคื•ืจื˜ื” ื”ื•ื ื”ืžื ื”ื™ื’ ื”ื ื‘ื—ืจ ืฉืœ ื”ืžื•ืขื“ื•ืŸ, ื‘ืจื•ืจ ืฉื”ื ื•ืฉื™ื ื ื•ืฉืื™ื ื›ืขืช ื‘ืื—ืจื™ื•ืช ืœืžืขืฉื”.

ืœืžืจื•ืช ื”ื”ืชื—ื™ื™ื‘ื•ื™ื•ืช ื”ื’ื‘ื•ื”ื•ืช, ื•ื”ืื™ื•ื ื‘ืชื™ืง ื‘ื™ืช ื”ืžืฉืคื˜, ืœืืคื•ืจื˜ื” ื•ื”ื“ื™ืจืงื˜ื•ืจื™ื•ืŸ ืฉืœื• ื”ื—ืœื™ื˜ื• ืœื“ื—ื•ืฃ ืงื“ื™ืžื” ืืช ืฉื™ืคื•ืฅ ื”ืืฆื˜ื“ื™ื•ืŸ.
ื‘ื‘ืจืฆืœื•ื ื” ื”ืžืฉื™ื›ื• ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ื™ืชืจ ืœื”ื—ืชื™ื ืฉื—ืงื ื™ื ื‘ื—ืœื•ืŸ ื”ืื—ืจื•ืŸ, ืื ื›ื™ ื‘ืขื™ืงืจ ื‘ืืžืฆืขื•ืช ื”ืฉืืœื•ืช ื•ืฉื—ืงื ื™ื ื—ื•ืคืฉื™ื™ื ื›ื•ืœืœ ืื™ืœืงืื™ ื’ื•ื ื“ื•ืืŸ, ืœืฉืขื‘ืจ ืžืžื ืฆ’ืกื˜ืจ ืกื™ื˜ื™.

ื”ืžื•ืขื“ื•ืŸ ื’ื ืขื•ืžื“ ื‘ืคื ื™ ื—ืงื™ืจืช ืื•ืค”ื ืขืœ ืชื™ืง ื ื’ืจื™ื™ืจื”. ืขืœ ืื•ืค”ื ื ื’ื–ืจ ืฉืœื ืœื”ื˜ื™ืœ ืกื ืงืฆื™ื•ืช ืขืœ ื‘ืจืฆืœื•ื ื”, ืจื™ืืœ ืžื“ืจื™ื“ ื•ื™ื•ื‘ื ื˜ื•ืก ื‘ืขืงื‘ื•ืช ืกื›ืกื•ืš ื”ืกื•ืคืจืœื™ื’, ื–ืืช ื‘ืขืงื‘ื•ืช ื”ื—ืœื˜ืช ื‘ืชื™ ื”ืžืฉืคื˜ ื‘ืกืคืจื“.

ื”ืžืฉืžืขื•ืช ื”ื™ื ืฉืื•ืค”ื ืขืฉื•ื™ื” ืœื—ื›ื•ืช ืขื“ ืฉืชื™ืง ื‘ื™ืช ื”ืžืฉืคื˜ ื”ืกืคืจื“ื™ ื™ืกืชื™ื™ื ืขื“ ืฉื™ื’ื™ืข ืœืคืกืง ื”ื“ื™ืŸ.
ื™ื•ื‘ื ื˜ื•ืก, ื‘ื›ืœ ื–ืืช, ื›ื‘ืจ ืงื™ื‘ืœื” ืืช ืขื•ื ืฉื” ืฉืœ ืื•ืค”ื ืฉืœ ื”ืจื—ืงื” ืœืฉื ื”.

ื”ืฉื‘ื•ืข ื“ื•ื•ื— ื‘ืกืคืจื“ ื›ื™ ืืœื›ืก ื‘ืจื‘ื ื™, ืžื ื›”ืœ ืืกืคืื™ ื‘ืืจืกื”, ืคืจืฉ ืžื”ืคืจื•ื™ืงื˜. ื‘ืจืฆืœื•ื ื” ื•ื›ืœ ื”ื ืืฉืžื™ื ืžื›ื—ื™ืฉื™ื ื›ืœ ืขื‘ื™ืจื” ื‘ืชื™ืง ื ื’ืจื™ื™ืจื”.

ื‘ื ื•ืกืฃ,ื‘ืจืฆืœื•ื ื” ื”ื•ื“ื™ืขื” ืขืœ ื”ื›ื ืกื•ืช ื‘ื’ื•ื‘ื” 1.259 ืžื™ืœื™ืืจื“ ื™ื•ืจื• ื‘ืขื•ื ืช 22/23 ื•ืจื•ื•ื— ืฉืœ 304 ืžื™ืœื™ื•ืŸ ื™ื•ืจื•. ื”ืจื‘ื” ื‘ื–ื›ื•ืช ื”ื”ืกื›ืžื™ื ื”ื›ืœื›ืœื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ืงื™ืฅ 22.

ื”ื—ื•ื‘ ื ื˜ื• ืฉืœ ื”ืžื•ืขื“ื•ืŸ ื™ืจื“ ืž 680 ืžื™ืœื™ื•ืŸ ื™ื•ืจื• ืœ 552 ืžื™ืœื™ื•ืŸ ื™ื•ืจื•.

ื ืฉื™ื ื”ืœื” ืœื™ื’ื”, ื—ื•ื•ื™ืืจ ื˜ื‘ืืก ื”ืชื™ื™ื—ืก ืœืกืื’ื” ื•ืืžืจ:

“ื™ืฉ ืื™ื ื“ืงืฆื™ื•ืช ืฉืžืฆื‘ื™ืขื•ืช ืขืœ ืชืฉืœื•ืžื™ื ื‘ืœืชื™ ืจื’ื™ืœื™ื ืœื ื’ืจื™ืจื” ืฉืœื ื”ื™ื• ืฆืจื™ื›ื™ื ืœืงืจื•ืช.
ืื‘ืœ ืฆืจื™ืš ืœืจืื•ืช ื‘ื‘ื™ืจื•ืจ ืฉื–ืืช ื”ื›ื•ื•ื ื”, ืื ื™ ืœื ืจืื™ืชื™ ื”ื•ื›ื—ื•ืช. ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื‘ื“ื•ืง ืฉื–ื” ืืžื™ืชื™.
ื”ืชืขืžื•ืœื” ื‘ืขืจื•ืฅ ื”ื˜ืœื•ื•ื™ื–ื™ื” ืฉืœ ืžื“ืจื™ื“ ื ื’ื“ ื”ืฉื•ืคื˜ื™ื? ื–ื” ืœื ืกืคื•ืจื˜ื™ื‘ื™. ืื‘ืœ ืœื”ื’ื™ื“ ืฉื–ื” ืคื•ื’ืข ื‘ืชื—ืจื•ืช, ื–ื” ืžื•ื’ื–ื”.

1 ืชื’ื•ื‘ื”
  1. ืฉื•ืŸ ื›ื•ืชื‘

    ืงื ื™ืช ืื• ืฉื•ืคื˜ื™ื ืื• ืœื ืงืฉื” ืœื”ื’ื™ื“.
    ืื‘ืœ ืจืง ืžื™ืฉื”ื• ืžืื•ื“ ืชืžื™ื ืื• ืื•ื”ื“ ืžืกื•ื ื•ื•ืจ ื™ืืžื™ืŸ ืฉื”ืžื•ืขื“ื•ืŸ ืฉื™ืœื ืœืกื’ืŸ ืื™ื’ื•ื“ ื”ืฉื•ืคื˜ื™ื ืžืขืœ 7 ืžื™ืœื™ื•ืŸ ืื™ืจื• (!) ืขืœ ื“ื•ื—ื•ืช ืกืงืื•ื˜ื™ื ื’, ื ื• ื‘ืืžืชโ€ฆ

    ืžืกื›ืŸ ืœืืคื•ืจื˜ื” ืื™ื–ื• ื™ืจื•ืฉื” ืงื™ื‘ืœโ€ฆ

ื”ืฉืื™ืจื• ืชื’ื•ื‘ื”

ื›ืชื•ื‘ืช ื”ืื™ืžื™ื™ืœ ืœื ืชืคื•ืจืกื, ื”ื™ื ื—ืกื•ื™ื”.

ื“ื™ืœื•ื’ ืœืชื•ื›ืŸ